Philadelphia Zoo Names New Baby Gorilla

06/28/2017

baby gorilla(Philadelphia, PA) - June 28, 2017 --- Today, Philadelphia Zoo’s gorilla family chose a name for its newest addition: a western lowland gorilla baby boy born to Kira, the Zoo’s 17-year-old female and 32-year old Motuba on June 2nd. The Zoo partnered with the Gorilla Rehabilitation and Conservation Education Center (GRACE) in the Democratic Republic of Congo and its Congolese youth and conservation club to generate a list of names that signify the importance of this amazing birth. The group submitted ten names and zookeepers narrowed the list down to three:
  • Wasingya (Wa-SEEN-jah; meaning: Thank you very much)
  • Lwanzo (La-WAN-zoh; meaning: Love)
  • Ajabu (ah-JAH-boo; meaning: Miracle; wonderful, amazing thing)
The Zoo then gave the newborn’s parents the opportunity to make the final selection. How you might ask?? Zookeeper’s decorated boxes adorned with names and filled with them treats; the first box chosen would be the baby’s name. Mom Kira ventured out first and chose the box with name Ajabu, on the front, which means miracle in Swahili.

Ajabu, the Zoo’s the healthy baby boy was delivered on June 2nd by a team of professionals, from the veterinary and human medical field, including an ob-gyn, surgeons, anesthesiologists and others, from leading area institutions such as University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Presbyterian Hospital and Thomas Jefferson University Hospital using the same process, tools and techniques used for human deliveries, including forceps and episiotomy. 

“We are very happy that Ajabu’s mom Kira chose her first offspring’s name,” says Dr. Andy Baker, Philadelphia Zoo’s Chief Operating Officer. “Kira is doing a fantastic job as a first time mom, and mom and baby are both doing great,” says Baker.


Western lowland gorillas are listed as Critically Endangered in the wild by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), with threats including habitat destruction due to palm oil and timber plantations as global demand for palm oil and paper continues to rise. The Zoo works with the Species Survival Plan® (SSP) program of the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA), whose goal is to protect and sustain populations of endangered and other species across AZA zoos.

The newborn currently lives in PECO Primate Reserve with mom Kira, dad Motuba and other troop mates Honi and her baby Amani. All new babies at Philadelphia Zoo are hugged by St. Christopher’s Hospital for Children. To see all the new babies at Philadelphia Zoo, visit www.philadelphiazoo.org/Explore/Zoo-Babies. To learn more about St. Christopher’s, visit www.stchristophershospital.com or call 1-888-CHRISKIDS (247-4754). Find them on social media at facebook.com/stchrishospital, youtube.com/stchrisvideos, on Instagram at @stchrishospital and Twitter at @stchrishospital.

 

Congolese Students Select Names for Kira's Baby

06/24/2017


Philadelphia Zoo is pleased to, once again, partner with Gorilla Rehabilitation and Conservation Education Center (GRACE) to name our baby gorilla born on June 2. As part of GRACE’s education mission, the gorilla sanctuary works with Congolese youth and their conservation clubs to foster wildlife protection and advocacy.

Upon learning about Philadelphia Zoo, Kira and her baby, these young students selected a list of names each signifying the importance of this amazing birth.  After much anticipation, the names are in and we’re happy to announce the final list and the meanings behind the names selected:

Wasingya (“thanks”) to thank Kira for giving birth to her baby.
Lwanzo (“love”) because Kira was happy to see her baby.
Ajabu (“miracle”) because it is a miracle that an animal gives birth with assistance.
 
From this list, we’re enlisting the help of another special group to choose Kira’s baby’s name! Stay tuned!   

Picking a Name for Kira's Baby Boy

06/21/2017


Philadelphia Zoo is delighted to announce Kira and her baby boy are doing well after the unconventional and lifesaving delivery of the newborn performed on June 2. We are now happily looking forward to the next order of business – Kira’s baby needs a name! Last year, we enlisted the help of our global community to name Honi’s baby, Amani, using the opportunity to support gorilla conservation and highlight the plight of critically endangered gorillas in their natural habitats. We have, once again, proudly partnered with the Gorilla Rehabilitation and Conservation Education (GRACE) Center in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), a sanctuary that rehabilitates Grauer’s gorillas whose families were killed by poachers. Grauer’s gorillas are endemic to eastern DRC and critically endangered; only 3,800 remain in the wild.

As part of its education mission, GRACE works with 140 Congolese youth (ages 9-13) organized into seven conservation clubs. These clubs encourage kids to be conservation leaders in their communities and to take local conservation actions, such as growing and planting trees to discourage the destruction of gorilla habitat.

choosing namesThis year we are thrilled to support GRACE’s conservation clubs, and have requested the kids’ help in selecting a name for Kira’s baby. Conservation club members learned about Philadelphia Zoo’s gorilla troop and our newborn’s birth, brainstorming, debating and selecting a list of Swahili and Kinande (local language) names for the Zoo’s newest addition.

As gorilla conservationists of the future, these children have an important role to play in protecting Grauer’s gorillas, and we’re humbled to have the opportunity to partner with them to help name our newborn gorilla. Organizations like GRACE are on the front lines of gorilla conservation and are critical to saving these great apes from extinction. Selecting Kira’s baby name with one provided by these students reinforces the connection we all have to animals across the globe and our responsibility to protect and safe-guard their survival. 

Now that we have a list of names to choose from, (we will be announcing the final three names soon) the final step is settling in on one name. For this, we will be enlisting the help of another group…but you’ll have to wait a few days to find out just who this group is.

So, stay tuned!

Baby Gorilla - Frequently Asked Questions

06/06/2017

When was the infant born?

The baby was born to 17-year-old mother Kira and 32-year-old father Motuba on Friday, June 2nd.
 
On Thursday, June 1st keeper staff noticed signs of Kira’s labor, but as of Friday morning she still had not delivered. She appeared to tire and behaved as if she were feeling worse over the course of the morning and there were no signs of the labor progressing. Typically, gorilla labor is quick and the mother does not appear distressed or behave as if feeling poorly. Concerned about the health of both Kira and her baby,  the Philadelphia Zoo’s veterinary team, who oversee all aspects of medical care for the animals at Philadelphia Zoo, contacted a pre-determined team of consultants who were prepared to assist if there were any problems with the pregnancy or delivery. The team of professionals, from the veterinary and human medical field, includes an ob-gyn, surgeons, anesthesiologists and others, and came from leading area institutions such as University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine, Penn Medicine, Presbyterian Hospital and Thomas Jefferson University Hospital. A similar team was in place for Honi’s pregnancy, but the emergency response was not needed.
 
Once onsite, the doctors examined Kira after she had been placed under anesthesia and determined that she was fully dilated and that the baby was in position for a vaginal delivery.
 
Kira was transported to the Zoo’s veterinary hospital for further examination and to attempt an assisted vaginal delivery. After 1.5 hours the team delivered a healthy 5lb baby boy (with the help of forceps). Because mom Kira was recovering from anesthesia, vet staff provided the newborn with continuous care, cuddling and feeding him Thursday night. By the next morning, Kira was fully recovered from anesthesia and was quickly reunited with her new baby and has been cradling and feeding him since.  

Medial staff that assisted in the delivery include:

Rebekah McCurdy, MD
OB-GYN
Thomas Jefferson University Hospital

Sean Harbison, MD FACS
Surgeon
Penn Medicine/Presbyterian

Reilly Hobbs, MD
Chief Surgical Resident
Penn Medicine

Ludovica Chiavaccini, DVM MSCS, DACVAA
Anesthesiologist
Penn Vet

Ciara Barr, VMD
Anesthesia Resident
Penn Vet

Keisha Dodman MD
Anesthesia Resident
Penn Medicine

Boy or girl?

The newborn is a boy!

What is the baby’s name?

Gorilla babies rely entirely on their mother for continuous care during the first months of life, so Kira is in almost constant contact with the baby cradling, cuddling and carrying her 24 hours a day. Dad, Motuba, is sticking close by to guard and protect the family, a role that male gorillas typically play in the group dynamic. The Zoo plans to work once again with the Gorilla Rehabilitation and Conservation Education (GRACE) Center to choose a name for the infant. 

How much does a baby gorilla weigh?

The infant is weighing in at a healthy 5lbs, 0 oz, which is about average for a newborn male gorilla.

What will the baby gorilla eat?

The baby will nurse from Kira exclusively for the first 5 or 6 months, then will begin to eat solids.  He will continue to nurse for at least 3-4 years. 

Is this Kira and Motuba’s first offspring?

Yes this is Kira’s first birth and the third offspring for Motuba. Although this is the first baby for Kira, Philadelphia Zoo's primate staff believes she was well-prepared to be a first-time mother. Kira was an excellent older sister and care-giver for her younger siblings before her arrival in Philadelphia. She has also benefited from observing Honi throughout her pregnancy, delivery and continued nurturing of baby Amani.

 How long will the baby stay with mom?

From the time they're about 4 months to 2 or 3 years old, young gorillas ride on their mothers' back as a form of transportation.  At around 7 to 10 years, the young gorilla will become mature enough to leave its mother. In the wild, many gorillas leave the group they were born in at around this age.

Who is the father of the baby and what will his role be in raising the baby?

The baby was sired by the gorilla troop's silverback, 32-year-old Motuba, who has one other offspring at Omaha’s Henry Doorly Zoo born in 2003 - her name is Bambio and baby Amani, sired with Honi here at Philadelphia Zoo.  Male gorillas don’t have a direct role in caring for newborns, although they are the group protectors. As the baby gets older, Motuba may interact more with the baby and even play. Each gorilla is an individual and has their own characteristics, so we’ll learn how Motuba behaves as a father as the baby gets older.

What other gorilla’s live at the Zoo?

Philadelphia Zoo has five western lowland gorillas in addition to 17-year-old Kira including: 32-year-old Motuba, 22-year-old Honi, 9-month –old Amani, 18-year-old Louis and 14-year-old  Kuchimba, This baby is a half-brother to baby Amani and will be among the first generation of animals to grow up and explore through Zoo360, the Zoo’s first-in-the-world animal travel and exploration system.

Will the baby and mom Kira continue to live with Motuba, Honi and Amani?

Yes. The family will continue to live together, as they would in the wild, unless behavior or health issues indicate we need to separate Kira and the newborn from any of the other gorillas in the group.

Will the baby remain at Philadelphia Zoo?

The baby will most likely remain with Kira and the troop at Philadelphia Zoo until he or she becomes mature. After that, he or she may stay here or may move to another zoo as part of the Gorilla Species Survival Plan (SSP) program. (The SSP helps to make sure that the gorilla population in zoos remains genetically and demographically healthy.). In the wild, many gorillas leave the group they were born in by the time they are ten or so, with females joining other groups and males sometimes living alone or with other males until they can form a group of their own.

Will the other gorilla’s living at the Zoo have the opportunity to breed?

Philadelphia Zoo works with the AZA Species Survival Plan® (SSP) Program to cooperatively manage species population within accredited zoos and aquariums. These recommendations are intended to ensure the sustainability of a healthy, genetically diverse, and demographically stable AZA population. Although matches are made primarily on the basis of genetics, with certain animals like great apes, other factors come into play including social structure and personality.  Currently these are no additional breeding recommendations for the troop.

What is the status of gorillas in the wild?

Western lowland gorillas are listed as Critically Endangered in the wild by the Internationals Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). The primary threats impacting wild western lowland gorillas are commercial hunting and diseases, particularly Ebola virus. Long-term, climate change may increase in threat to the gorillas due to drying trends and impact on their habitat. 

What is the significance of this gorilla birth since they are critically endangered?

The Zoo is uniquely placed to connect people with these endangered animals and build an understanding of what they are facing in the wild. The Zoo empowers guests to make choices that can have a positive impact on their survival.

What can I do to help save gorillas?

Gorillas are losing their forest homes to palm oil and timber plantations as global demand for palm oil and paper continues to rise. You can help protect habitat for gorillas by stopping your junk mail, and by thanking manufacturers leading the way toward using palm oil that’s deforestation-free. Guests can visit philadelphiazoo.org/unless-project to learn more about how to become a great ape hero and join the Zoo in working to save these majestic animals.

Philadelphia Zoo Debuts New Baby Gorilla

06/06/2017

Philadelphia Zoo is pleased to welcome a new addition to the family: a western lowland gorilla born to Kira, the Zoo’s 17-year-old female and 32-year old Motuba on Friday, June 2. This is the first birth for Kira and third offspring for Motuba, who is also father to baby Amani born at the Zoo last August. The newborn can be seen with the rest of the gorilla troop in PECO Primate Reserve.

Mother and baby appear healthy, but will be monitored carefully by Zoo staff in the coming weeks and months. Like a newborn human, a baby gorilla is essentially helpless, relying completely on its mother for care. “We are very excited to welcome Kira’s new baby,” says Dr. Andy Baker, Philadelphia Zoo’s Chief Operating Officer.  “This important birth is an opportunity to engage the world in caring about the future of gorillas in the wild.”

On Thursday, June 1 keeper staff noticed signs that Kira had begun labor, but as of Friday morning she had not delivered. She appeared to tire and behaved as if she were feeling worse over the course of the morning and there were no signs of the labor progressing. Typically, gorilla labor is quick and the mother does not appear tired, distressed, or show symptoms of feeling poorly. Concerned about the health of both Kira and her baby, Philadelphia Zoo’s veterinary staff contacted a pre-determined team of consultants who were prepared to assist if there were any problems with the pregnancy or delivery. The team of professionals, from the veterinary and human medical field, included an ob-gyn, surgeons, anesthesiologists and others, from leading area institutions such as University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Presbyterian Hospital and Thomas Jefferson University Hospital. A similar team was in place for a gorilla birth at the Zoo last year, but the emergency response was not needed. Once onsite, the medical team examined Kira after she had been placed under anesthesia and determined that she was fully dilated and that the baby was in position for a vaginal delivery.

After 1.5 hours the team delivered a healthy 5lb, 0 oz baby boy, the process requiring many of the same tools and techniques used for human deliveries, including forceps and episiotomy. While there have been several successful C-section deliveries for gorillas over the past few years, the most recent case of an assisted vaginal delivery the Zoo is aware of occurred in 2000.

Gorilla Baby

See other Zoo babieshugged by St. Christopher's.

Because mom Kira was recovering from anesthesia, vet staff provided the newborn with initial neonatal care, holding and feeding him through the night. By the next morning, Kira was fully recovered and was quickly reunited with her new baby, and has been continuously cradling and nursing him since.  

“Our veterinary team had an advance plan in place that had us prepared for scenarios like this – and in this case that plan, and the skill of our keeper team, enabled a safe delivery for both Kira and her baby,” says Dr. Andy Baker. “We often take advantage of the expertise in Philadelphia to optimize health care for our animals, and working with valued partners such as Penn Medicine, Penn Vet, and Jefferson, we were able to intervene and save both lives. It was an anxious and dramatic day at the Zoo, but in the end a tremendously rewarding one,” said Baker.

“Though Kira is a first time mom, we’re not surprised she’s acting like an expert already. She was a great older sister to younger siblings and has been very attentive while our other female gorilla Honi has raised baby Amani,” says Baker. “Everybody is excited about these two future playmates .”

Western lowland gorillas are listed as Critically Endangered in the wild by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), with threats including habitat destruction due to palm oil and timber plantations as global demand for palm oil and paper continues to rise. The Zoo works with the Species Survival Plan® (SSP) program of the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA), whose goal is to protect and sustain populations of endangered and other species across AZA zoos.

The newborn currently lives in PECO Primate Reserve with mom Kira, dad Motuba and other troop mates Honi and her baby Amani. Viewing times may vary - visitors can see the family inside PECO Primate Reserve, in their outdoor habitat or hanging out in the Zoo360 trails, or when mom wants quiet time she might retire to her back-of-house space with the newborn. The Zoo plans to work again with the Gorilla Rehabilitation and Conservation Education Center (GRACE) in the Democratic Republic of the Congo to choose a name for the infant. 

Interested in learning more? Check out Frequently Asked Questions.